Causes, Medications, Lifestyle Changes & Other Acne Information

Acne affects hundreds of millions of people all across the planet every day. Wherever people live, whatever they are doing or how old they are, they all share certain acne-related traits. From itchy rashes to painful North Star zits, acne sufferers endure various blemish-based manifestations – and almost always, at the worst possible times!

So, what is acne really? What causes it?

Acne develops because of 3 main considerations. They are:

1. Excessive production of an oil called sebum;

2. Hair follicles clogged by skin cells that have shed

3. A surplus of harmful bacteria in the hair follicle;

Acne is the result of dead skin cells and too much sebum combining within the hair follicle and forming what’s grossly enough called a “plug”. This plug disallows the naturally occurring sebum to leave the follicle and travel along the hair shaft as intended by nature. Instead dead skin cells and the sebum remain trapped inside the follicle – and then begin to cause localized swelling, redness and pain!

Once a follicle becomes plugged, there are several types of skin blemishes that can result including:

Whiteheads which are bulging follicle walls;

Blackheads which are follicle plugs that have risen to the surface and then darkened in color;

Pimples which are red spots which rise off the surface of the skin as a result of the follicle being swollen and inflamed;

Cysts (lumps) that form from blockages deep within the hair follicles;

What causes the overproduction of sebum?

Sebum is produced within hair follicles to provide a source of nourishing lubrication for individual hair shafts. Overproduction can be caused by a variety of factors including bacteria, chemicals, medications, allergic reactions, heredity, imbalanced hormones and more.

Cures for Acne

Prescription topical lotions including Tretinoin, Differin,Tazorac and more. These are Vitamin A based and cause the an increase in cellular turnover, making the follicles less likely to become plugged.

Topical antibiotics are used to eliminate excessive bacteria on the skin. Side affects are common and include redness, stinging, burning, and peeling.

Laser treatments and light therapy can be used to treat moderate to severe and deep layer acne. Multiple treatments are required over a period of time for best results.

Microdermabrasion and chemical peels are also beneficial treatments for some acne sufferers.

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